Helpful Handouts, Uncategorized

Interpersonal Effectiveness Handout 5

Guidelines for Objectives Effectiveness:

Getting What You Want (DEAR MAN)

A way to remember these skills is to remember the term DEAR MAN:

Describe
Express
Assert
Reinforce
(Stay) Mindful
Appear Confident
Negotiate

Describe            Describe the current SITUATION (if necessary). Stick to the facts.
Tell the person exactly what you are reacting to

“You told me you would be home by dinner but you didn’t get here until 11.”

Express             Express your FEELINGS and OPINIONS about the situation.
Don’t assume that the other person knows how you feel.

“When you come home so late, I start worrying about you.”

Use phrases such as “I want” instead of “You should,” “I don’t want
instead of “You shouldn’t

Assert               Assert yourself by ASKING for what you want or SAYING NO clearly.
Do not assume that others will figure out what you want.
Remember that others cannot read your mind.

“I would really like it if you would call me when you are going to be late.”

Reinforce         Reinforce (reward) the person ahead of time (so to speak) by explaining
positive effects of getting what you want or need.
If necessary, also clarify the negative consequences of not getting what
you want or need.

“I would be so relieved, and a lot easier to live with, if you do that.”

Remember also to reward desired behavior after the fact.

Mindful           Keep your focus ON YOUR GOALS.
Maintain your position. Don’t be distracted. Don’t get off topic.

“Broken record” Keep asking, saying no, or expressing your opinion over and over and
over. Just keep replaying the same thing again and again.

Ignore attacks    If another person attack, threatens, or tries to change the subject, ignore
the threats, comments, or attempts to divert you.
Do not respond to attacks. Ignore distractions.
Just keep making your point.

“I would still like a call.”

Appear confident  Appear EFFECTIVE and competent.

Use a confident voice tone and physical manner, make good eye
contact.
No stammering, whispering, staring at the floor, retreating.
No saying “I’m not sure,” etc.

Negotiate              Be willing to GIVE TO GET
Offer and ask for other solutions to the problem
Reduce your request
Say no, but offer to do something else or solve the problem another way
Focus on what will work

“How about if you text me when you think you might be late?”

Turn the Tables   Turn the problem over to the other person
Ask for other solutions

“What do you think we should do? …. I can’t just stop worrying about you
[or I’m not willing to].”

From DBT Skills Training Handouts and Worksheets, Second Edition, by Marsha M. Linehan. Copyright 2015 by Marsha M. Linehan. Permission to photocopy this handout is granted to purchasers of DBT Skills Training Handouts and Worksheets, Second Edition, and DBT Skills Training Manual, Second Edition, for personal use and use with individual clients only.

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